vabtiloprasars.gq/47-site-de.php Beyer has doctorates in religion and psychology, has previously published works on Buddhism, the Tibetan language and religion, and has studied sacred plant medicine in both North America and the Upper Amazon.
The richness of his background really comes to the fore in this insightful and comprehensive text. The scholarly technique of Singing to the Plants functions on several layers.
Singing to the Plants: A Guide to Mestizo Shamanism in the Upper Amazon [ Stephan V. Beyer] on osuqopabah.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In the. Editorial Reviews. Review. Gorgeously written and eminently practical Scholars will Singing to the Plants: A Guide to Mestizo Shamanism in the Upper Amazon - Kindle edition by Stephan V. Beyer. Download it once and read it on your.
The effect of this intimate research is two-fold, not only does it mean he brings first-hand understanding to his cartography but he does so from inside the processes he describes, rather than being purely observational. Does this bias his opinion? Perhaps, but it feels more that it gives the author an authority in his voice, and in the quoted voices of his teachers, ultimately lending an authenticity to the text.
Secondly, Beyer includes citations from a host of other researchers in the field, including Marlene Dobkin de Rios and Luis Eduardo Luna, who have already laid the academic groundwork with mestizo shamans. In fact, the great range of citations that Beyer utilises means that the reference section and bibliography at the end is a valuable resource of information on its own, drawn, as it is, from across several fields of study.
By bringing in these, what could easily be described as alien, ideas, Beyer manages to tease out the intricacies of the mestizo methods in a way that communicates the information lucidly for a less-informed Western audience.
Elucidating difference in approaches is a wonderful explanatory field, which, for the reader, is highly informative. This Janus-faced occurrence, however, manifests in new discourses that are, it seems, creating new cultures. The opening part of the book, which makes up its bulk, is an overview of the mestizo shamanic healing world. As with all of the book, Beyer also discusses shamanism from a wider perspective than just the Upper Amazon mestizo, which beautifully contextualises the study. On the one hand, Beyer is categorising through looking at shamanic performance, learning from the plants, magic stones, types of shaman, initiation, ceremonies and so forth.
Interestingly however, he is very careful to not rigidify these categories as standardised, constantly giving examples that go against the broad understanding. Rather than being in detriment to his approach though, he skilfully illustrates that in any anthropological study, one is confronted by a vast array of approaches that is highly individualised, which is certainly the case for shamans, their skills and their methods.
Botanically, shamanically, chemically, there seems very little — aside from the vine Banisteriopsis Caapi — that remains consistent. It is then that the plants begin to teach the neophyte their magical healing and protective songs, or icaros.
An icaro is the magic chant or melody that the novice receives from the plant spirits after he or she has been purified by the restricted diet. Once a neophyte's initiation is near completion, either the spirits or a senior shaman will give him or her a magic phlegm , a magical saliva-like substance which is also called yachay , llausa , or la flema. The term virote , originally the Spanish name for a very strong arrow, is a term used in vegetalismo to refer to the magical darts that the shamans and sorcerers store in their phlegm.
Magic stones, piedras encantadas , are an important tool in the practice of vegetalismo.
The appearance of the stone varies, some have a striking appearance which indicates that they are encantada , for example the stone may be shaped like a person or animal, have an unusual color, or just be rare. Before the shaman drinks the water, the stone is left in water for a day, and the shaman blows tobacco smoke over it while telling the stone what it is he wants to know.
The ayahuasca ceremony is a widespread practice among vegetalistas , one that has gained a lot of attention in recent years due to the success of the industry of ayahuasca tourism , in which people from all over the world travel to places such as Peru to partake in an ayahuasca session led by a vegetalismo shaman. Some people attend these ceremonies regularly as a purge , to cleanse themselves.
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Singing to the Plants: University of New Mexico Press. Shamanism in South America. Substances, Powers, Cosmos, and History".